16 bit Arbitrary Waveform Generator
The M4i.66xx-x8 series arbitrary waveform generators (AWG) deliver the highest performance in both speed and resolution. The series includes PCIe cards with either one, two or four synchronous channels. The large onboard memory can be segmented to replay different waveform sequences. The AWG features a PCI Express x8 Gen 2 interface that offers outstanding data streaming performance. The interface and Spectrum’s optimized drivers enable data transfer rates in excess of 2.8 GB/s so that signals can continuously replayed at a high output rate. While the cards have been designed using the latest technology they are still software compatible with the drivers from earlier Spectrum waveform generators. So, existing customers can use the same software they developed for a 10 year old 20 MS/s AWG card and for an M4i series 625 MS/s AWG.
Facts & Features:
- Up to 625 MS/s on 4 channels
- Fast 16 bit arbitrary waveform generator
- Simultaneous signal generation on all channels
- Output level ±160 mV to ±5 V (625 MS/s) or ±4 V (1.25 GS/s) into High Impedance
- Output level ±80 mV to ±2.5 V (625 MS/s) or ±2.0 V (1.25 GS/s) into 50 Ohm
- Fixed trigger to output delay
- Single-Shot, Loop, Gated, Sequence Mode
- Marker Output, Digital Outputs
- Synchronization of up to 8 cards
- PCI Express x8 Gen2 Interface
- Works with x8/x16 PCIe Gen1 to Gen3 slots
- Sustained streaming speed card to PC up to 3.4 GB/s
- Sustained streaming speed PC to card up to 2.8 GB/s
- Direct data transfer to / from CUDA GPU using SCAPP
- Research and Development
- Stimulus-Response Tests
- Semiconductor Tests
The FIFO mode is designed for continuous data transfer between measurement board and PC memory or hard disk. The write(replay) transfer rate reached depends on the motherboard and can be up to 2.8 GByte/s on a PCI Express x8 Gen2 slot. The control of the data stream is done automatically by the driver on interrupt request. The complete installed on-board memory is used for buffer data, making the continuous streaming extremely reliable.
Repeated OutputWhen repeated output is used the data of the on-board memory is replayed continuously until a stop command is executed or N times. As trigger source one can use the external TTL trigger or the software trigger.
Sequence Replay ModeThe sequence mode allows to split the card memory into several data segments of different length. These data segments are chained up in a user chosen order using an additional sequence step memory with the ability to program loops and triggers and to reload data while output is running.
Single RestartWhen this mode is activated the data of the on-board memory will be replayed once after each trigger event. As Trigger source one can use the external TTL or software trigger.
Singleshot OutputWhen singleshot output is activated the data of the on-board memory is replayed exactly one time. As trigger source one can use the external TTL trigger or the software trigger.
All boards can be triggered using a separate external trigger signal with a two level programmable window comparator and a second separate external trigger with a single programmable level comparator. It's possible to use positive or negative edge. An internally recognized trigger event can - when activated by software - be routed to a multi purpose i/o connector to start external instruments.
Gated ReplayThe Gated Sampling option allows data replay controlled by an external gate signal. Data is only replayed if the gate signal has a programmed level.
Multiple ReplayThe Multiple Replay option allows the fast repetition output on several trigger events without restarting the hardware. With this option very fast repetition rates can be achieved. The on-board memory is divided in several segments of same size. Each of them is generated if a trigger event occurs.
Using a dedicated connector a sampling clock can be fed in from an external system. It's also possible to output the internally used sampling clock to synchronize external equipment to this clock.
High Precision PLLThe internal sampling clock of the card is generated using a high precision PLL. This powerful device allows to select the sampling rate with a fine step size making it possible to perfectly adopt to different measurement tasks. Most other cards on the market only allow the setup of fixed sampling rates like 100 MS/s, 50 MS/s, 25 MS/s, 10 MS/s, ... without any possibility to set the sampling rate to any value in between.
Reference ClockThe option to use a precise external reference clock (normally 10 MHz) is necessary to synchronize the board for high-quality measurements with external equipment (like a signal source). It's also possible to enhance the quality of the sampling clock in this way. The driver automatically generates the requested sampling clock from the fed in reference clock.
Digital Outputs/Marker Outputs
Additional synchronous digital channels (markers) can be replayed phase-stable with the analog data. When this mode is active up to 3 additional digital marker outputs can be used by reducing the analog resolution of the D/A converter.
Programmable AmplitudeThe Spectrum Arbitrary Waveform Generators are equipped with a very wide programmable output amplitude. This allows to adapt the output signal level to the needs of the stimulated device while also having the maximum output resolution available for the signal.
High Bandwidth Option (Optional)This option is available for all 663x products with 1.25 GS/s. One option is needed per card/internal AWG of a generatorNETBOX. The bandwidth is extended from 400 MHz to 600 MHz. The maximum output level is reduced to ±480 mV. An external reconstruction filter is needed to remove mirror signals that result from higher Nyquist images.
|Product||Channels||Max. Samplerate||Max. Bandwidth|
|M4i.6620-x8||1||625 MS/s||200 MHz|
|M4i.6621-x8||2||625 MS/s||200 MHz|
|M4i.6630-x8||1||1.25 GS/s||400 MHz|
|M4i.6631-x8||2||1.25 GS/s||400 MHz|
|On different platforms||Bus||Max. Bus Transfer speed|
|M4x.6622-x4||PXI Express||1700 MByte/s|
Streaming Systems (Optional)Combining a number of Spectrum M2p/M2i/M3i/M4i PCIe digitizers with a Tera-Store Data Streaming solution allows the capture and storage of long complex signals for extended periods of time. With systems available offering from 1 to 32 TB of storage and streaming rates up to 3 GB/s signals can be digitized and stored seamlessly for hours on end.
|Legacy Windows Driver Installation||
Windows driver installation of driver versions < 4.0
Data sheet of the M4i.66xx series
Manual of M4i.66xx / M4x.66xx family
Datasheet of Spectrum Terastore Streaming System
|SBench 6 data sheet||
Data sheet of SBench 6
|M4i LabVIEW Manual||
Manual for LabVIEW drivers for M4i / M4x
Manual for MATLAB driver M2p/M4i/M4x/M5i/M2i/M3i/DN2/DN6
|SBench 6 Manual||
Manual for SBench 6
WINDOWS DRIVER + SOFTWARE
M2p/M4i/M4x/M5i/M2i/M3i/DN2/DN6 driver for Windows 7, 8, 10, 11 (32/64 bit)
|Win32 Driver WinXP/Vista||
M2i/M3i/M4i/M4x driver - last Version for Windows 32 XP / Vista
|Win64 Driver WinXP/Vista||
M2i/M3i/M4i/M4x driver - last Version for Windows 64 XP / Vista
C/C++ driver header and library files
IVI Driver for IVI FGen class (32 bit)
|Control Center (32-bit)||
Spectrum Control Center (32-bit) / Windows 7, 8, 10
|Control Center (64-bit)||
Spectrum Control Center (64-bit) / Windows 7, 8, 10, 11
|Control Center WinXP||
Spectrum Control Center - last Version for Windows XP
SBench 6 (32-bit) Installer / Windows 7, 8, 10
SBench 6 (64-bit) Installer / Windows 7, 8, 10, 11
SBench6 - last Version for Windows XP
|Remote Server Windows||
Windows Installer for Remote Server Option
M2i/M2p/M3i/M4i/M4x/M5i/DN2/DN6 LabView driver installer
M2p/M4i/M4x/M5i/M2i/M3i/DN2/DN6 Matlab driver + examples installer
|Examples for Windows||
Windows Examples (C/C++, .NET, Delphi, Java, Python, Julia ...)
LINUX DRIVER + SOFTWARE
|Linux Driver Complete||
M2p/M4i/M4x/M5i/M2i/M3i drivers (Kernel + Library) for Linux 32 bit and 64 bit
|Linux Driver Library||
Driver libraries (no Kernel) for Linux 32 bit and 64 bit
|Remote Server Linux||
Spectrum Remote Server Linux Installer Package
Spectrum Control Center
SBench 6 Linux 32 (.rpm)
SBench 6 Linux 64 (.rpm)
SBench 6 Linux 32 (.deb)
SBench 6 Linux 64 (.deb)
SBench6 Jetson (.deb)
Drivers + examples for MATLAB for Linux (DEB + RPM)
|Examples for Linux||
Linux Examples (C/C++, Python, Julia ...)
|Firmware Update (Windows)||
M2i/M2p/M3i/M4i/M4x firmware update (Windows)
|Firmware Update (Linux)||
M2i/M2p/M3i/M4i/M4x firmware update (Linux)
|CS AWG for Quantum Research||
Case Study AWG used for Quantum Research at University
|CS AWG Atomic Experiment||
Case Study AWG used for atomic experiments at Stuttgart University
|CS Digitizer at Cern||
Case Study: Digitizers and AWGs at Cerns LHC Beam Dumping System
|CS AWG moving Atoms||
Case Study: AWG-card by Spectrum used to move around single atoms
|Trigger and Sync||
Trigger, Clock and Synchronization Details at high-speed Digitizers
|Digitizer Software Integration||
Software Support for Modular Digitizers
|SBench 6 Introduction||
SBench 6 - Data Acquisition and Analysis of Digitizer Data
Creating AWG Waveforms in SBench 6 using Equations
|Create & Capture AWG Waveforms||
Creating , Capturing and Transferring Waveforms for AWG's using SBench 6
|Teaming AWG with Digitizer||
Teaming an Arbitrary Waveform Generator with a Modular Digitizer
|Introduction to Modular Arbitrary Function Generators||
An Introduction to Modular Arbitrary Function Generators
|Arbitrary Waveform Generator Operating Modes||
Using Arbitrary Waveform Generator Operating Modes Effectively
|AN Closed Loop Digitizer+AWG||
Application Note: Closed Loop Tests with Digitizer and AWG and CUDA-GPU
|AN008 Install Legacy Win Drivers||
Application Note: Legacy Windows Driver Installation
|Aircraft Systems Testing||
Testing electronic aircraft systems using modular instruments