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Applications - Research Papers | Spectrum

This section list links to external research papers where the Spectrum products have been used sucessfully,

Digitizers up to 10 MS/s

  • Aerospace (more): Download this white paper to see how a high precision 16 bit Spectrum digitizer M2i.4652 is used at the Institute of Fluid Mechanics, Technical University of Brunswick, Germany for Hypersonic Transition Experiments by clicking here
  • High Voltage Testing (more): Power system failures are often related to mechanical deformation in transformer windings. Winding distortion can lead to insulation deterioration which in turn can produce partial discharge and gassing type events. At the Xi’an Jiaotong University, in Xi’an, China, they are using a Spectrum M2i.4912 Digitizer and M2i.6011 AWG to perform Swept Frequency Response Analysis (SFRA) while researching the main causes of transformer failure in high-voltage power systems. IEEE members can read the full story here
  • Materials Science (more): Find out how the National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Resilience,Tsukuba, Japan uses a Spectrum high-resolution digitizer M2i.4741 to collect strain array data as part of their investigations into shear strain fields that are associated with supershear rupture by clicking here
  • Materials Science (more): See how Shanghai University of Engineering and Science, Shanghai, China, use Acousitc Emission techniques to study tensile fracture in polyester and cotton with a Spectrum digitizer M2i.4911-exp (this article is in Chinese) by clicking here

Digitizer 10 MS/s up to 500 MS/s

  • Aerospace (more), Laser (more), Communications (more): By using multi-heterodyne interferometry with a high resolution M4i.4471-x8 digitizer the State Key Laboratory of Precision Measurement Technology and Instruments, Tianjin University, Tianjin, China, has developed a method for making absolute distance measurements. Experimental results demonstrate an agreement within 750 nm over 80 m distances and an update rate of 167 μs. To see the full white paper click here
  • Big Physical Experiments (more): At the FH Aachen University of Applied Science in Germany a Spectrum M4i.4421-x8 250 MS/s, 16 bit digitizer is being used to help with the development of beam position monitoring (BPM) systems for particle accelerators. The full story is available for download here
  • Communications (more): Find out how the College of Electrical Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China employ a Spectrum Digitizer M3i.4142 and a AWG M2i.6021 to provide test signals for multifunction vehicle bus (MVB) protocol testing (main article in Chinese) by clicking on this link
  • Laser (more), Spectroscopy (more): See how a Spectrum M2i.4963-exp digitizer card, programmed under LabVIEW, is used at the Department of Applied Physics and Electronics, Umeå University, Umeå Sweden, in an EC‑QCL (external cavity – quantum cascade laser) system for real‑time breath gas analysis of CO and CO2 by clicking the link here
  • Medical Science (more): See how fast Spectrum digitizers M2i.2031 and M2i.4022 are used for OCT data acquisition at the University of Sheffield, UK, by clicking here
  • Medical Science (more), Spectroscopy (more): At the University of Konstanz a fast high resolution Spectrum M3i.4142 digitizer provides nanosecond time-resolution in an FTIR spectroscopy system that’s used to investigate protein-membrane interactions. See the full details here.
  • Nanotechnology (more), Quantum Science (more): At the QuTech and the Kavli Institute of Nanoscience, Delft University of Technology, in the Netherlands they are using an M4i.44xx series digitizer to test a programmable two-qubit quantum processor in silicon. Find out how by clicking here
  • Nanotechnology (more): Learn how Japan's Meiji University is using a high-resolution Spectrum digitizer M2i.4031 for the evaluation of magnetic nanoparticle samples in cancer research with time correlation magnetic particle imaging (MPI) by clicking here
  • Spectroscopy (more): The Institute of Optics and Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, China, uses both a Spectrum 14 bit AWG M2i.6021 and 12 bit digitizer M2i.3010 as key elements in their experimental Optical Feedback Cavity Ring-Down (OF-CRD) system. Learn how signal processing can help extract low signal-to-noise ratio signals by clicking here
  • Ultrasound (more), Medical Science (more): Find out how Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, uses a high speed 16 bit Spectrum digitizer M4i.4420-x8 for Photoacoustic Imaging by clicking here
  • Ultrasound (more), Medical Science (more): See how the Department of Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, at University College London, UK, use an M4i.4420-x8 high-resolution digitizer in a miniature all optical ultrasonic 3D endoscopic imaging system by clicking here
  • Ultrasound (more), Medical Science (more), Nanotechnology (more): Click here to find out how the School of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Leeds, UK, are using a Spectrum M4i.4420-x8 high-resolution digitizer, plasmonic gold nanorods and high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) to improve non-invasive techniques for the treatment of cancerous tissue
  • Ultrasound (more), Medical Science (more): At the Queensland Brain Institute, University of Queensland, researchers are using a Spectrum M4i.4421-x8 16 bit digitizer to study ultrasound propagation in materials that are used to model the human skull as well as investigating therapeutic ultrasound as a potential means to treat diseases of the brain.
  • Ultrasound (more), Medical Science (more): The Laboratory of Acoustical Waveform Imaging, Department of Imaging Physics, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, is developing the Delft Breast Ultrasound Scanning System (DBUS) as a means for detecting the presence of tumors. Find out how they are using the 14 bit M3i.4142 digitizer by following this link
  • Ultrasound (more), Medical Science (more): A video-rate all-optical ultrasound imaging system, where ultrasound is generated and detected using light, has been demonstrated at the Department of Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, University College London, UK. The system uses a Spectrum M4i.4420-x8 high resolution 16 bit digitizer to acquire signals from a broadband photodiode. Details on how the system enables real-time, video-rate 2D ultrasound imaging, at a frame rate of 15 Hz, can be found here

Digitizer 1 GS/s and more

  • Communications (more): Learn how a Spectrum digitizer M3i.2132 and UWB technology is used by Telecom ParisTech to develop a compact Indoor Localization System (article in French and English) by clicking here
  • Laser (more): At the Technical University of Dortmund, Germany, physicists have developed a technique to determine photon correlations of optical light fields in real time. The system uses a high speed Spectrum M4i.2234-x8 digitizer to acquire signals from a balanced homodyne detector. The full details including the experimental setup and results can be found here
  • Laser (more), Medical Science (more): Laser-scanning confocal fluorescence microscopy is a relatively new and important tool for biomedical research. At the University of Tokyo they are able to demonstrate confocal fluorescence microscopy at a record high frame rate of 16,000 frames/s thanks to new research and the use of a Spectrum M4i.2212-x8 high-speed digitizer. Click here to read the full story.
  • Nanotechnology (more): Find out how the University of Oxford, United Kingdom, is using a high-speed Spectrum Digitizer M4i.2234-x8 to acqure and analyze time-resolved measurements of surface spin-wave pulses at millikelvin temperatures by clicking here

AWGs

  • Communications (more): Find out how the College of Electrical Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China employ a Spectrum Digitizer M3i.4142 and a AWG M2i.6021 to provide test signals for multifunction vehicle bus (MVB) protocol testing (main article in Chinese) by clicking on this link
  • High Voltage Testing (more): Power system failures are often related to mechanical deformation in transformer windings. Winding distortion can lead to insulation deterioration which in turn can produce partial discharge and gassing type events. At the Xi’an Jiaotong University, in Xi’an, China, they are using a Spectrum M2i.4912 Digitizer and M2i.6011 AWG to perform Swept Frequency Response Analysis (SFRA) while researching the main causes of transformer failure in high-voltage power systems. IEEE members can read the full story here
  • Materials Science (more), Nanotechnology (more): See how Spectrum AWG's M2i.6021-exp are used in Electron-Beam Induced Deposition (EBID) at the Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany, by clicking here
  • Spectroscopy (more): The Institute of Optics and Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, China, uses both a Spectrum 14 bit AWG M2i.6021 and 12 bit digitizer M2i.3010 as key elements in their experimental Optical Feedback Cavity Ring-Down (OF-CRD) system. Learn how signal processing can help extract low signal-to-noise ratio signals by clicking here